Migraine is used to describe a particular type of
headache. It is a medical condition that can only be confirmed by a doctor.
An attack of migraine is often accompanied, although not always, by the
- blurred vision
- flashing and/or coloured lights before the eyes
- nausea and vomiting
- tingling or numbness of the extremities i.e. the hands or feet
The usual course of treatment is the same as for a headache,
that is analgesics (pain killers). However, there
specialist products available that assist with the added symptoms of a
migraine. These products usually contain an anti-emetic. These
agents act to suppress the symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
There is a huge range of analgesics available on the market today, some
contain one pain killer some contain combination of two or more.
There is no preferred analgesic, individuals respond differently to
different analgesics. The best way to find out which pain killer is best
for you is to try several over a period of time and base your decision on
Always follow the instructions given with any analgesic.
Always read any labelling to ensure the medication is suitable for your use.
Never give prescription analgesics to, or accept them from, another person.
The main analgesics in use are:
This is an extremely safe analgesic if used correctly. This agent also
acts to lower temperatures in fever - Antipyretic.
This agent is similar to paracetamol but also has an anti-inflammatory
property. It is quite useful but can cause irritation to the stomach.
Do not use Aspirin if you have an allergy to it.
This agent is used in preparations with other analgesics, i.e. aspirin
and paracetamol. It is an opiate an when combined with other analgesics
has and additive effect. The two agents together work better then each
This agent is based on aspirin but is more gentle on the stomach. Again
it is also available in combination with Codeine.
These agents act centrally to combat the feelings of nausea that migraine
sufferers may experience.
The following agents are contained in preparations combined with
This agent is an antihistamine that has a central action that reduces
feelings of nausea.
This agent belongs to the same family of drugs as cyclizine and
works in the same way.
This drug belongs to another class of drugs called the
these agents act by mimicking the bodies own natural chemicals that usually
act to stop nausea.
If you suffer from migraine here are a few tips to help you through an
- Use soluble analgesics
These get into the body more quickly than normal tablets and especially so
with migraine as during an attack the stomach empties more slowly
- Lie in a darkened room
This will help reduce the nauseating effect of the visual disturbances,
also the relaxation may help.
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